Basics on How to Write a Hypothesis for a Research Paper
A hypothesis is a prediction or statement that you will test in your research. It must be formulated with outmost care. You can do this by using the following tips:
- Study the material on the topic of your research until you are sure that you understand it well. Your knowledge must be vast enough to cover all aspects of the topic. Afterwards, you will need to narrow it down to formulate a research question. It must be directly linked to the topic of the paper.
- If you write this question in statement form, it becomes a hypothesis. Bear in mind that it shouldn’t be a guess on your part. A hypothesis is an explanation of the object of your research that can be tested and proven.
- Do not add any judgmental words to your hypothesis. This will look unprofessional because judgment of any kind is subjective. As a researcher, your goal must be to remain objective at all times, and present the results of your work in a clear and unbiased manner.
- Bear in mind that the hypothesis may change as you progress with your research. Any modifications must be approved by your professor.
- Identify the major variables that you will use, and write a general hypothesis that states the relationship between them.
- Refine the general hypothesis into a directional one. It must state the direction of the relationships or differences covered in your research.
- Come up with a measurable hypothesis. It’s the final stage of your work, so this product must be polished and formatted according to the requirements of your paper. Usually, it must follow the “if-then-because” pattern.
- Do not use words, like “sometimes”, “never”, “all”, etc. in this part of the paper. They make the statement too vague for a hypothesis. Remember that your main goal when writing this crucial statement is to have it clearly focused on your research.
- A good hypothesis can be characterized as provable, understandable, and helpful. This means that you will need to put in some serious effort into refining it. Be sure to consult your professor before settling on the hypothesis you will use. A professional should be able to help with wording the hypothesis in the best way possible to support the experiment you want to perform.
vAvoid any generalizations. Every word in your hypothesis should have a purpose. Additionally, this part of the paper must be written in a language that even non-professionals will be able to understand. This means that you shouldn’t include any specialized terminology in it.